The Scheme of Kendriya Vidyalayas (Central Schools) was approved in November 1962 by the Govt. of India on the recommendations of the Second Central Pay Commission. It recommended that the Government should develop a scheme to provide uninterrupted education to the wards of transferable Central Government employees. Consequently, Central School Organization was started as a unit of the Ministry of Education of the Govt. of India.

Initially, 20 Regimental Schools, then functioning at places having large concentration of defence personnel, were taken over as Central Schools during the academic year 1963-64.

The Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan was registered as a society under the Societies Registration Act (XXI of 1860) on 15th December 1965. The primary aim of the Sangathan is to provide, establish, endow, maintain, control and manage the Central Schools (Kendriya Vidyalayas) located all over India and abroad. The Government of India wholly finances the Sangathan.

Over the years, the number of Kendriya Vidyalayas steadily increased to 1248 as on 30.06.2021


The Kendriya Vidyalayas have a four-fold mission, viz,

  • To cater to the educational needs of the children of transferable Central Government employees including Defence and Para-military personnel by providing a common programme of education;
  • To pursue excellence and set the pace in the field of school education;
  • To initiate and promote experimentation and innovations in education in collaboration with other Bodies like the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) etc.
  • To develop the spirit of national integration and create a sense of "Indianness" among children.

Salient Features

In pursuance of the above objectives, the Kendriya Vidyalayas system has following features and norms:

  • Common textbooks and bilingual (English & Hindi) medium of instruction for all Kendriya Vidyalayas.
  • All Kendriya Vidyalayas are affiliated to Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE).
  • All Kendriya Vidyalayas are co-educational, composite schools.
  • KVS strives to maintain excellence in academic pursuits.

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